A brief historical outline
Lgov is an ancient town in Kursk region. It appeared at
the end of 10-th and the beginning of 11-th century and was a part of Kievan
Russia called 'Posemie" or 'by the Seim River'. Under the name of
'Olgov' the town was first mentioned in 'Ipatievskaya chronicle' around
1152 in connection with Yuri Dolgoruky military campaign along with his allies
-- Polovtsian khans against Chernigov. A that time the town was a patrimony of
Oleg Svyatoslayovich -- Yaroslav the Wise's grandson from whom it got its name.
At the end of 12-th century Olgov was ruined by
Polovtsy but was revived during the second half of 16-th century and it served
then as a frontier stronghold of Moscow State. During 17-th century it beat off
frequent raids of Crimean Tatars.
At the beginning of 17-th century a monastery of Dmitry
Solunsky was founded in Lgov where a famous Russian monk lov Lgovsky led his
active ascetic life.
In the 18-th century Lgov lost its important
significance as a frontier stronghold and grandually turned into a center of
trade and petty handicrafts. In 1779 by a decree of Ekaterina II Lgov became an
administrative center of "uyezd" (lowest administrative division) and
in 1780 it was granted the right to have its own coat of arms which represends a
bustard standing in a green field.
At present Lgov is a big railway center and a center of
processing industry. Lgov is situated in picturesque area on the banks of the
Seim river. Among its architectural sights is an estate of Russian Grand Dukes
the Baryathinskys, a famous Shamil Tower, a former Assembly House, a house of a
chamberlain P. P. Stremoukhov and three churches: St. Nikolas church, St.
Dmitriev church and Uspenskaya church.
Lgov is also well-know by its famous writers who were
born in the town. They are Nikolay Aseev (1889-1963) and Arkady Gaydar
(1904-1941). Monuments in their honor were set up in town's squares. Among the
names of well-know citizens are artists Nikolay Bartram (1873-1931 and Vasily
Grandy (1890-1970), a composer Theodor Hadenko and a remarkable actress Tamara
Semina. Such writers as Yury German (1910-1967), Valentin Ovechkin (1904-1968 an
artist Eugeny Volobuev (b. 1912) also lived and worked in the town for a period